Currencies

Dollar exchange rate with major currencies and crude oil prices today, 16 July

Earlier this week the dollar reached parity with the euro after a sustained period of gains on the Eurozone currency. The euro slumped to its lowest level in two decades and briefly dipped below the one-to-one exchange rate, leading to grave fears for European economies.

Economic pressures are causing major headaches for the White House too but things appear even more fraught on the other side of the Atlantic where the fallout of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has decimated continental supply chains. Nations like Germany, which boasts Europe’s largest economy, are particularly reliant on Russian-produced oil and gas and are suffering from the sanctions imposed on the Kremlin.

The likelihood of advanced economies falling into recession is becoming greater despite record inflation being reported around the world.

On Tuesday Robin Brooks, chief economist at the Institute of International Finance, tweeted: “What’s the fall in the Euro saying? It’s becoming increasingly clear that the Euro zone is heading into recession.”

However these global pressures have actually made summer travel more affordable for Americans as the dollar gains against other currencies. Investors seeking a safe haven tend to sell their positions for the world’s reserve currency, the dollar, propping up the value.

Why is the euro suffering so much?

The value of the euro is thought to have fallen in part due to the announcement that the United States was running at a staggeringly high 9.1% in June. One consequence of this is that the US’ Federal reserve may be forced to further increase interest rates in a bid to cool the overheating economy.

If it were to do so, and interest rates in the US were to rise more swiftly than the European Central Bank (ECB) does, then investors would likely favour investments in dollar denominations. Interest-bearing investments would provide higher interest returns that euro-domination positions, encouraging an influx of cash into the dollar markets.

The ECB has signalled that it will announce an interest rate hike next week, and potentially another in September, but with recession fears in Europe it may not be able to introduce a rise as significant as the US. This could widen the rate gap and push more investors towards the dollar.

US dollar exchange rates

Currency One Dollar Buys:
Euro 0.991
British Pound 0.843
Swiss Franc 0.977
Japanese Yen 138.531
Brazilian Real 5.408
Australian Dollar 1.472
Canadian Dollar 1.303
Mexican Peso 20.521

Economic slowdowns driving slump in price of crude oil

While a strong dollar is good news for those who plan to travel abroad this summer, the cost of flights is less appealing for holiday-makers. Gone are the incredibly cheap deals available during the pandemic with prices up by around 34 percent on last year. This has been due to rising demand and compounded by the rising cost Russia invaded Ukraine and Western nations imposed sanctions on energy exports from the aggressor.

In March Brent crude peak at just below $135 and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) came close to $124. As fears grow of recessions in advanced economies and covid prompting a potential slowdown in China the price of oil has slid toward the $100 per barrel mark, falling below it on Tuesday.

However both Brent and WTI have seen gains in the days since, and the former has bounced back above the $100 mark.

Here is where the price stood at the end of trading on Friday at the close.

Producer Price per Barrel
Brent crude $101.13
WTI crude $97.57

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