Data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics published on Tuesday highlighted the issues facing women who want to work.
In February, there were officially 560,000 unemployed people. There were another 745,000 who wanted to work and who were available to start a job within the next four weeks but were not actively searching for employment.
Of that 745,000 almost 150,000 were at school or university. Another 113,600 said they could not work because of childcare responsibilities, of which 106,800 were women.
About 51,000 cited family caring responsibilities as the reason they were not searching for work, of which more than 40,000 were women.
Australian Council of Trade Unions President Michele O’Neil said early childhood education and care was a critical issue in terms of cost of living and women’s participation in work.
Over the course of the previous Coalition government, she said childcare costs rose by 39 per cent, making it unaffordable for many working women.
“They want to be able to do more hours, more shifts, participate more in the workforce, but what they get instead is penalised if they work that extra hour that extra shift,” she said.
“It means that women are not contributing and participating in the economy in the way they want to.”
An OECD report released overnight revealed that despite the Coalition’s cuts to personal income tax rates over recent years, Australian parents are still facing relatively high tax burdens.
For a married couple with two children where one person earns the average wage and the other works part-time, the OECD estimates their tax burden at 20.9 per cent of their gross collective income.
It is a full percentage point lower than in 2020 but remains three percentage points higher than the OECD average. It is also higher than when Labor was in power in 2010.
For married working couples with two children where both partners earn the average wage, the OECD estimates their tax burden at 23.2 per cent of their gross collective income.
This is 0.9 percentage points lower than 2020 but 2.5 percentage points higher than the OECD average and higher than what it was in 2010.
Australia’s tax burden is higher than comparable nations such as Britain, the United States, Japan and New Zealand.
The data pre-dates the end of the low and middle income tax offset that, after being increased for the current financial year, ends in 2022-23.
While the government faces calls for action on tax, Treasurer Jim Chalmers is moving quickly to explain his economic agenda to key institutions.
Chalmers will on Wednesday hold his first formal meeting with the Reserve Bank of Australia plus the heads of the nation’s key financial regulatory organisations.
Ahead of the election Labor, as well as the Coalition, promised the first independent review of the RBA in more than 40 years. Labor’s review will examine not only the bank’s institutional arrangements but also the interaction of fiscal and monetary policy.
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